School Directory

1600 – 1700

Historical Events | Literature | Music | Fine Arts | Graphic Arts

Historical Events
1600 East India Company founded. Kepler calculates the elliptical path of the planets.
Shakespeare writes Hamlet.
1602 First treatise on shorthand writing.
1603 Death of Queen Elizabeth 1.
1604 First English dictionary Table Alphabetical by Robert Cowdrey.
1605 Cervantes publishes Don Quixote.
1607 Jamestown colony founded in Virginia. Monteverdi composes first opera, Orfeo.
1609 Henry Hudson explores Hudson River. Galileo invents proportional compass.
1611 King James Authorized Version of the Bible published by Robert Barker.
1616 Death of Shakespeare and Cervantes.
1617 Death of Pocahontas.
1618 Sir Walter Raleigh executed for treason.
1620 Mayflower arrives at Plymouth. Harvey discovers circulation of blood.
1623 Shakespeare's First Folio published. Velazquez appointed court painter to Philip IV.
1626 Peter Minuit buys Manhattan for 60 guilders ($24.00).
1628 William Harvey publishes his work on the circulation of blood.
1630 Taj Mahal begun.
1631 First successful french periodical Gazette de France.
1632 London's first coffee shop opens.
1636 Harvard College founded.
1638 Rubens paints The Three Graces.
1639 Cardinal Richelieu establishes Imprimerie Royale, the state printing press.
1642 Montreal founded. England institutes income and property taxes.
Rembrandt paints The Night Watch. Puritans close English theaters.
1643 Louis XIV becomes king at age five. Torricelli invents barometer.
1644 Ming Dynasty ends; Manchu begins. Descartes writes Principia phi–losophicae.
Antonio Stradivari born. Paris has seventy–five printing shops.
1648 Quakers founded by George Fox.
1649 English replaces Latin as official language for legal documents. Charles I beheaded.
1650 Tea introduced into England. World population about 500 million.
1651 Thomas Hobbes publishes Leviathan.
1652 Minuet danced in French courts.
1653 Izaak Walton writes The Compleat Angler.
1656 French Academy of Painting in Rome founded. Rembrandt declared bankrupt.
1657 Christiaan Huygens regulates clock with pendulum. Fountain pens manufactured in Paris.
1658 Oliver Cromwell dies.
1659 Samuel Pepys starts his Diary.
1660 Samuel Pepys starts diary Boers settle in South Africa. Royal Society founded.
1663 Gobelin tapestry factory founded in Paris.
1664 New Amsterdam becomes New York
1665 The Great Plague of London kills more than 68,000.
1666 Moliere writes The Misanthrope. The Great Fire of London.
1667 John Milton writes Paradise Lost.
1668 La Fontaine writes Fables.
1670 Hudson's Bay Company founded. Pascal's Pensees published.
1671 Newton constructs the reflecting telescope.
1673 Jolliet and Marquette discover headwaters of Mississippi.
1675 Christopher Wren rebuilds St. Paul's Cathedral.
1678 Comedie Franchise established. Dodo extinct.
1680 Holland Beater, invented in Holland, made paper making more efficient.
1682 Louis XIV establishes Versailles as royal residence. Philadelphia founded by William Penn.
1685 Bach, Handel, and Scarlatti born.
1687 Sir Isaac Newton writes Principia Mathematica.
1690 First U.S. paper mill established.
1692 Salem witchcraft trials.
1694 Bank of England founded. Freedom of the press assured in England.
1696 Peter the Great becomes czar.
1697 Charles Perrault publishes Mother Goose Tales.

John Bunyan (1628–1688)
Miguel de Cervantes (1547–1616)
Pierre Corneille (1606–1684)
Rene Descartes (1596–1650)
John Dryden (1631–1700)
Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679)
Jean de La Fontaine (1621–1695)
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz (1646–1716)
John Locke (1632–1704)
John Milton (1608–1674)
Jean Moliere (1622–1673)
Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727)
Blaise Pascal (1623–1662)
Samuel Pepys (1633–1703)
Jean Racine (1639–1699)
William Shakespeare (1564–1616)
Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)
Izaak Walton (1593–1683)

Pier Cavalli (1602–1676)
Arcangelo Corelli (1653–1713)
Girolamo Frescobaldi (1583–1643)
Jean Baptiste Lully (1632–1687)
Claudio Monteverdi (1567–1643)
Michael Praetorius (1571–1621)
Henry Purcell (ca. 1659–1695)
Samuel Scheidt (1587–1654)
J. H. Shein (1586–1630)
Heinrich Schutz (1585–1672)
Alessandro Scarlatti (1660–1725)
Giuseppe Torelli (1658–1709)
Tomas Luis de Victoria (ca.1562–1626)

Fine Arts
Agostino Carracci (1557–1602)
Annibale Carracci (1560–1609)
Ludovico Carracci (1555–1619)
Frans Hals (1581–1666)
Claude Lorrain (1600–1682)
Antoine Le Nain (1588–1648)
Louis Le Nain (1593–1648)
Mathieu Le Nain (1607–1677)
Nicolas Poussin (1594–1665)
Rembrandt van Rijn (1609–1669)
Jusepe Ribera (1591–1652)
Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640)
Georges de la Tour (1593–1652)
Anthony Van Dyck (1599–1641)
Diego Velazquez (1599–1660)
Jan Vermeer (1632–1675)

Graphic Arts
Robert Barker (d.1645)
William Bradford (ca.1594–1668)
Stephen Day (1594–1668)
Christoffo van Dyck (1540–1617)
Louis Elzevir (1540–1617)
Philippe Gradjean (fl.1693)
Jean Jannon (fl.1615)
Anton Janson (1620–1687)
Louis Luce (fl.1745)

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